As another 5 speed owner I don't have any real-world information to share, but the threads on this forum are sometimes a little quiet so just to help spark conversation let me throw this out;
One of my favorite websites is automobile-catalog.com. Their site is kinda hard to navigate BUT it has gobs of great info about tons of cars. Very detailed info. No idea how accurate it all is but its something to go on when you've got nothing.
So I'm comparing a couple pages of that site dealing with the 5 MT and the CVT:
5 MT Specs and Details
CVT Specs and Details
With the CVT they are showing 8.1 seconds to accelerate 40-70 MPH, and 16.4 seconds to accelerate 50-90 MPH.
In comparison, for the 5 MT its 7.7 seconds to accelerate 40-70 MPH, and 16.2 seconds to accelerate 50-90 MPH (according to the same site).
They list 0-60 MPH for the CVT as 9.9 seconds vs 9.7 for the 5 MT.
They also list the theoretical top speed of the CVT as 119 MPH vs only 116 MPH for the 5 MT.
These numbers they base on some kind of simulation, or at least thats what the website says somewhere on there.
I'm not sure these numbers would hold up 100% in real world application but I may get a chance to test it out someday, maybe when its not winter and icy on the roads. My friend has a 2014 CVT so if we ever get the chance to put them head to head it would be interesting. Cars this closely matched though the biggest factor will probably come down to whether my tires are in better shape than theirs. Off the line it seems to me there is no way a CVT can beat a well executed launch from a manual transmission.